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Privacy Policy. As such, it is complicated to refocus this volume on other countries. China imported 2.5m tonnes of barley from Australia last financial year, which is down from a peak of 5.9m tonnes in 2016-17, but still very significant. This means the value of Australia's total agricultural exports (to all countries) would fall by less than what is lost in the trade with China. Australia is expected to produce about 10.6 million tonnes of barley this year, with CBH on course to handle about 30 per cent. China had until recently bought as much as 70 per cent of Australia's barley exports. Download to Excel (xls) Market … To put that into a global perspective, Australia makes up around 30-40 % of the world’s surplus malting barley trade and approximately 20% of the world’s surplus feed barley trade2. Australia’s barley producers are about to feel the full force of Chinese protectionism after the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) announced on Monday that an 80.5% tariff would be imposed on barley exports from Australia.. This, on the other hand, did not have a similar effect on China, which proved to be flexible with its pipeline and … Harvested grain ha… Australia produces approximately 920,000 tonnes of malt per year (from close to 1,100,000t of barley), with about 190,000 tonnes consumed domestically (predominantly in the brewing industry) and around 730,000 tonnes exported mainly into the Asian regional marketplace. ​ Only around 30% of the value of lost barley exports to China, equivalent to around $330 million, is estimated to be lost to the total value of agricultural trade in Australia. Exports of Barley, Unmilled in Australia averaged 76.69 AUD Million from 1988 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 362 AUD Million in December of 2018 and a record low of 5 AUD Million in November of 1991. As the Barley crop harvest in Australia occurs in May and June, it is customary to see March as the tail end of the shipments and present the lowest total volume. He said Argentine barley exports to China next year could reach as much as 800,000 tons depending on prices and the Australia-China trade relationship. Hence, Australia compensated the Chinese market Barley exports with some of its other leading importers, thus showing great flexibility concerning its Barley exports pipeline. High Australian barley exports over the 2010s became a serious threat to China’s food self-sufficiency and import diversification policies, which it arrested through a dubious anti-dumping case. Switch to: Growth Rate. Therefore, although the impact of the ban on Australia’s Barley exports shows on shipment volume, it is not the case with cash quotes. The main grains grown are wheat, barley, canola, lupins and oats. Indeed, as a short term solution, China imported from Argentina for the first time in 2020 – more than 60 kmt in November, in particular. Trade Minister Simon Birmingham has announced Australia is referring China to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to challenge action taken against barley exports. In 2020, China is the largest importing country for Australian Feed Barley and represents a large part of Australian Barley exports. China had until recently bought as much as 70 per cent of Australia’s barley exports. Nonetheless, during the September-November period, China started banning Australian Barley exports for several reasons; namely, due to the lack of measures against shipments’ contamination; and also in response to Australia backing the investigation of China as the source of the Covid-19 outbreak at the United Nations. On China’s side, from Figure 2, the overall shipment volumes and origins increased from July 2020 onwards. Figure 4: Australian Barley Exports to China, Japan, and Thailand Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020. The price is being supported by demand in the eastern states where widespread drought has caused grain shortages and stymied exports. Breaking that down to malt and non-malting barley, around 1.3 million tonnes of malting barley, and around 4.2 million tonnes of non-malting barley are also exported each year, though these figures vary from season to season. and from Argentina, Canada, France, Ukraine, and 11 more origins. Australian Barley exports needed a new strategy to cope with the Chinese market loss and managed to muster this new confidence in the Barley FOB products cash quote. Between 1 December, 2019, and 31 March, 2020, Australia shipped 666,092t of malting barley and 634,210t of feed barley to China, almost half of Australia’s barley export shipments which totalled 1.3Mt. This, on the other hand, did not have a similar effect on China, which proved to be flexible with its pipeline and managed to find different origins for its importations. China is Australia’s biggest customer for exported barley . Figure 3: Australia Barley Cash Quotes per Incoterm Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020. However, it seems that it strongly resisted the Chinese ban policies that loomed since February 2020 and took place starting in September of the same year. As China’s ban on Australian Barley exports is a recent event, there isn’t too much data to assess this ban’s long-term effects. As such, Barley Australia itself, does not trade, nor sell, nor export barley, nor malt. As the ban continues, for the time being, it will be interesting to see if China’s and Australia’s strategies work and how it impacts Australian Barley exports in the long term. This is a function of some of our member companies. *Foreign material is defined as material that is foreign and alien to barley. It showcases the change in strategy operated to compensate for the loss, and the new policy towards Australia’s Barley exports. Tension has been building between the 2 nations for quite some time now, but this is the first major action Australia has taken to tackle the problem. China's claims annual barley imports from Australia … Powered by Think BIG Creative. Australia produces high quality 2-row barley, with annual production averaging over 9 million tonnes/year. Australia will be seeking alternative markets for its barley exports after China slapped punitive tariffs on them. This data is only a subset of the total number of other importing countries. Overall, the value of barley exports fell by an average -13.6% for all exporting countries since 2015 when barley shipments were valued at $7.8 billion. On a production basis Australia makes up around 5% of the world’s total annual barley production. Figure 1: Australia Feed Barley Shipments in mt to China Between Jan 2019 and Nov 2020. © 2021 Barley Australia. WA’s grain exports typically represent 40% of Australia’s total grain exports and are sold into more than 30 countries throughout the world. Contact us. It resulted in the loss of a significant partner for Australia in general, and more specifically, for Barley. Australia produces on average around 2 to 2.5 million tonnes of malting barley and over 6 million tonnes of barley for other uses (mainly animal feed). Of course, that will also depend on Australia’s position at the U.N. Read also: Can Price Variations Predict Trade Flow Volumes? Another point to highlight is shipments for October 2020, which acts as an outlier for the period, but demonstrates the volumes available at the time. Terms & Conditions. To push Australia to abandon its attachment to anti-dumping measures, China has strategically targeted one of Australia’s major exports. All Rights Reserved. ​ The Cash quote prices available from the dataset on AgFlow’s database, displayed in Figure 3, showed that there were quotes for Ex Works (EXW) and Free On Board (FOB) Incoterms in 2020. The ban on Barley exports from Australia is a major event for this market and undoubtedly impacts the economy surrounding the commodity. Thus, Australia had to adapt its strategies in order to find solutions that compensated for this loss – and did so with some success. Prices peaked in December at $440 per tonne for feed barley, before steadily declining to $365 per tonne at the end of the financial year. The Covid-19 outbreaks and the economic crisis that resulted from it may have had an influence on the bear market situation of the Australia Feed Barley FOB Australia Cash quotes market. However, we can track the direct impact on this using trade flows and the cash quotes curves from AgFlow’s dataset. Exports of Barley, Unmilled in Australia increased to 85 AUD Million in November from 42 AUD Million in October of 2020. Australia is expected to produce about 10.6 million tonnes of barley this year, with CBH on course to handle about 30%. NB: Barley Australia is an association of member companies. Year over year, exported barley dropped -12.6% from 2018 to 2019. Domestically, malting barley demand by the Australian maltsters (for supplying both domestic and export malt markets) is around 1.1 million tonnes per year and Australian domestic feed use is around 2 million tonnes each year. This new strategy relies primarily on EXW products, as well as reinforcing other export destinations. Barley imports from the United States to China would be effective from this week, according to a notice on the China Customs website. With the introduction of a new domestic market Cash Quote product and rebalancing the Barley exports destinations’ shipment volumes, Australia seems to manage the new Chinese policies well. In 2017/18 the WA grains industry exported wheat worth $2.83 billion and barley … The Australian Barley exports Market is in a key position in Asia due to its advantageous location. Australia is comparatively export focussed with approximately 70% of the total barley crop exported annually. Australian barley is highly sought after by the malting, brewing, distilling, Shochu (Japanese distilled spirit) and feed industries world-wide and is well known for its low moisture content and low foreign material*. Around 88% of barley exports to China are produced on the large grain farms in Western Australia. China had until recently bought as much as 70% of Australia’s barley exports. Australia will challenge China's tariff on its barley exports in an appeal to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The news came after a two-year investigation into supposed dumping of Australian barley in the Chinese market, causing substantial damage to domestic barley producers. Australia is a dominant player in world barley export markets, representing 30-40 percent of the world’s malting barley trade and 20 percent of the feed barley trade. China is Australia’s biggest trading partner accounting for 40% of all exports. Figure 2: China Feed Barley Imports by Country Between Jan 2020 and Dec 2020 (sans Australia). Demand for high quality barley is strong both in Australia and internationally with Australian barley well recognised for its excellent malt and feed qualities. Australia Barley Exports by Year. Figure 4 displays some of the top Australian Barley importers in 2020, with China, Japan, and Thailand shipment volumes per month in metric ton. Australia has an enviable reputation for producing a reliable supply of high-quality barley in a contaminant-free climate. The introduction of EXW cash quotes products as well as boosting Barley Exports to other leading importing countries, such as Japan and Thailand, allowed Australia to maintain a strong Barley export market. The average Australian malting selection rate is the highest of the world’s exporting nations with around 30-40 % of our barley national crop selected as malting quality. Australia's barley exports to … It could also be that, with the recent development and approval of several Covid-19 vaccines, the situation between both countries will improve, and China will lift the ban. Australia’s dispute with China over anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties imposed on its barley exports is under way after the World Trade Organization … The announcement by China of an anti-dumping investigation into Australian barley exports caused a sharp decline in prices across Australia 98, but this effect was short-lived. PO Box 263 From then on, the apparition of EXW products aligns with a newfound trust in the FOB market. Australia is comparatively export focussed with approximately 70% of the total barley crop exported annually. Moreover, China also showed flexibility with its importing pipeline by reinforcing its pool of Feed Barley origins, with Ukraine and Argentina, for example. Breaking that down to malt and non-malting barley, around 1.3 million tonnes of malting barley, and around 4.2 million tonnes of non-malting barley are also exported each year, though these figures vary from season to season. However, the degradation of shipments volume from July 2020 onwards is significant compared to the same period in 2019, bearing in mind that Australian Barley crops were exceptional in 2020. Australia's barley exports to China were worth $600 million in 2019, falling from $1.5 billion in 2018 because of drought and an effort to diversify into more markets. As China showed flexibility with its Barley pipeline, it is necessary to look at other Australian Barley export destinations to understand how Australia dealt with this event. The coming months will provide more data about cash quotes and trade flows for Australian Barley exports. Australia's barley exports to China had been worth around US$1 billion a year before a recent drought, used most notably used in brewing. Most importantly, the Australia Feed Barley FOB Australia market is bear from Jan 2020 through May 2020. Field barley International sales from raw barley exports by country totaled US$6.7 billion in 2019. Trade Minister Simon Birmingham says … Nonetheless, the Chinese market represents large volumes, and rebalancing the export destinations is not enough to dump enough volumes to counterbalance the total volume of Australian Barley exports to China. The ban on Barley exports from Australia is a major event for this market and undoubtedly impacts the economy surrounding the commodity. Australia’s major domestic based brewers are tightly linked into Australia ‘s barley production and strong relationships exist between all facets of the industry – from breeder to brewer and all stages in between. And this observation also applies to other importing origins. Barley Australia It is a widely grown crop (second in size only to wheat) and occupies a large geographic area – around 4 million hectares – and it is dispersed from southern Queensland through to Western Australia. All in all, Australian Barley exports proved to be robust. Read also:  Do Not Base Your Risk Management On Incomplete Forward Curves, PriceDiscovery TradeFlows RiskMmgt API TrendDiscovery API. AUSTRALIA exported 179,152 tonnes of feed barley in February, up slightly from the January figure, while malting shipments fell by one third over the month to 167,316t, according to the latest data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). The Australian Barley export volumes to Japan and Thailand increased mainly in September and November; moreover, while this data is still incomplete -it is still early in December at the time of writing this report – December 2020 already shows it will be an important month for these two destinations as well. Australia produces two-row spring barley that is plump and bright with moderate protein content. Thus, the prices are steadily increasing, starting in August, even though China’s ban on Australian Barley exports is in place at the time. Goodwood South Australia 5034 Nonetheless, China represented the most important Barley export destination throughout the year and is the largest growing Feed Barley importer in the world.

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